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2019 年高考英语一轮复习第二部分重点语法突破专题一有提示词填空第三
Part Ⅰ.单句语法填空 1.[xx·四川雅安月考]Her question was so difficult that I could hardly make any ________ of it at all. 答案:sense 根据空格处于 any 与介词 of 之间可知,需填名词。make sense of “理 解,弄懂,明白”,固定短语。 2.[xx·陕西 83 中二模]I think the boss, rather than the workers, ________ (be) to blame for the fire that caused so many ________ (dead) last week. 答案:was; deaths 当主语后接由 rather than 引导的短语时,谓语动词的形式依主语 的单复数和人称而定,且由 caused 可知用一般过去时,故第一空填 was; death 意为“死亡 事件/人数”时,为可数名词,且第二空格前有 many 修饰,空格处应填名词的复数形式,故 填 deaths。 3.[xx·吉林松原模拟]After about one and a half _______ (hour) climbing, we saw two moutain paths before us. 答案:hours' 此处用所有格形式,one and a half hours' climbing 表示“爬了一个 半小时的山”。 4.[xx·广东佛山质检二]I made up my mind to develop different ________ (skill) so that I would be able to work in this field in the future. 答案:skills 根据空格前的形容词 different 可知,此处填名词,且 skill 在此处表 示“技术,技能”,为可数名词,故应填其复数形式。 5.[xx·山东潍坊期末]Important language points, grammar rules, useful ________ (express) and key words are what we want to take down. 答案:expressions useful 修饰名词,且该空要使用复数形式与前后的 points, rules 和 words 并列。 6.[xx·河南濮阳二模]College students in China won't have to fear ________ (fail) as much when launching their own businesses under a new Ministry of Education regulation. 答案:failure fear 是及物动词,后缺少宾语,用动词 fail 的名词 failure 作其宾语。 表示在教育部的新规则下,大学生在创业时不必过多地害怕失败。此处 failure 为抽象名词。 7.[xx·河北调研]Large amounts of money ________ (spend) on the bridge, which was expected to be pleted next month. 答案:were spent 主语由 Large amounts of 修饰时谓语动词用复数。结合语境可知, 应用一般过去时,且与主语之间为被动关系,故填 were spent。 8 . [xx· 山 西 太 原 二 模 ]Generally, students' inner motivation with high expectations from others________(be) essential to their development. 答案:is 分析句子结构可知,该句的主语部分 students' inner motivation 为第三人 称单数。再根据 generally(一般说来)判断该句讲的是一般情况,所以用一般现在时。

9 . [xx· 辽 宁 实 验 中 学 月 考 ]The basketball coach, as well as his team, ________(interview) shortly after the match for their outstanding performance.
答案:was interviewed 当主语后接由 as well as 引导的短语时,谓语动词的形式要 和主语的单复数和人称保持一致。结合语境可知动作发生在过去, 故填 was interviewed。
10 . [xx· 甘 肃 诊断 ]After about an hour's ________ (fly), something strange happened in the plane—a small rat stole out from the bag of a young man.
答案:flight 所有格形式后需接名词。根据 an hour's 可知,此空应填名词 flight, 表示“一个小时的飞行”,注意 fly 转换为名词的拼写规则。
Part Ⅱ.单句改错 1.[xx·山东实验中学诊断]As I stated above, you should first eat less meat but more fruits and vegetable. ________________________________________________________ 答案:vegetable→vegetables and 连接两个并列名词,且 vegetable 为可数名词,故 将 vegetable 改为 vegetables。 2.[xx·武汉武昌区调研]Soon, I became one of the top student in my class, which greatly increased my confidence and got me motivated. ________________________________________________________ 答案:student→students 根据“one of+名词复数”结构可知,应把 student 改为 students。 3.[xx·贵州遵义航天中学模拟]Living in a boarding school make me independent, which has a great effect on me. ________________________________________________________ 答案:make→makes 动名词作主语时,谓语动词应用单数形式,故将 make 改为 makes。 4.[xx·全国卷Ⅲ]Though the movie is 30 years old, most of the 250 seat were filled with teary?eyed audience wanting to say good?bye to the old building. ________________________________________________________ 答案:seat→seats seat 为可数名词,结合句子中的 most of the 250 ... 可知,此 处应用名词复数形式。故将 seat 改为 seats。 5.[xx·天津高考]Turning one's life into a waiting game require faith and hope, and is strictly for the optimists among us. ________________________________________________________ 答案:require→requires 本句的主语是一个动名词短语 Turning one's life into a waiting game,因而句子的谓语应该使用单数形式,故将 require 改为 requires。 Part Ⅲ.语法填空 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 [xx·河北邯郸模拟]Wood?block printing first appeared in the early Tang period. During the Song Dynasty, the technique of block printing was very advanced. Books were __1__(beautiful) printed. Even today the books__2__ (print) at the time are valuable and treasured by libraries and book collectors.

However, block printing__3__ (be) not very convenient. Every two pages of a book had to be carved on a wood block, and a big book would require many blocks. Besides, there had to be large places for storing the books. __4__ (overe) these shortings, Bi Sheng invented the movable type during the years between 1,041 and 1,048. One word was carved on one piece of clay, __5__was hardened with fire. Then clay characters were set on__6__iron plate according to the text of a book. Then ink was applied to them and__7__ (sheet) of paper spread over them, and the printing was done. Bi Sheng's invention made printing faster and easier__8__before. Later, movable type of metal and wood was made and widely used.
The technique of printing was gradually known to other Asian countries and Europe. The great influence printing had__9__the advance of civilization is too clear to need any__10__ (explain).
1.________ 2.________ 3.________ 4.________ 5.________ 6.________ 7.________ 8.________ 9.________ 10.________ 篇章导读:本文是一篇说明文。文章主要讲述活字印刷的历史、价值、原理、意义及其 对世界文明的影响。 1.beautifully 考查词性转换。print 是动词,要用副词修饰。 2.printed 考查非谓语动词。books 与 print 之间是被动关系,用过去分词短语 printed at the time 作定语修饰 books。 3.was 考查动词的时态和主谓一致。全文讲述过去的事情,要用一般过去时,且主语 block printing 是单数概念,谓语动词应用单数形式 was。 4.To overe 考查非谓语动词。此处动词不定式表示目的。 5.which 考查定语从句的引导词。分析句子结构可知设空处引导一个非限制性定语从 句,指代先行词 clay 并在从句中作主语,用关系代词 which。 6.an 考查冠词。plate 是可数名词,单数形式前加不定冠词 a 表示泛指,因 iron 的 读音是以元音音素开头的,故用不定冠词 an。 7.sheets 考查名词的复数。sheets of paper 意为“一张张纸”,用复数形式。 8.than 考查连词。根据 faster and easier 可知,比较级常与 than 连用。 9.on 考查介词。have influence on 意为“对……有影响”,是固定搭配。 10.explanation 考查词性转换。need 是动词,后接名词作其宾语,动词 explain 的 名词是 explanation。
2019 年高考英语一轮复习第二部分重点语法突破专题一有提示词填空第四
Part Ⅰ.单句语法填空

1.[xx·山东济宁模拟]Long ago Hongbao ________ (see) as a means of protecting children from evil spirits.
答案:was seen 根据 Long ago 这一时间状语可知,此处应用一般过去时,而且 see 与 Hongbao 之间为被动关系,主语为单数,故填 was seen。
2.[xx·山西太原期末]The reason for this is that Britain's supermarkets ________ (experience) huge changes in the past decade.
答案:have experienced 根据时间状语 in the past decade 可知,该句应用现在完成 时,主语为复数,且和 experience 之间为主动关系,故填 have experienced。
3.[xx·安徽合肥质检]—You look so tired and pale. Anything wrong? —I hate to plain, but a new road ________ (build) throughout the night. 答案:is being built 根据语境可知是现在的时间,整晚在修路,且 road 与 build 之间为被动关系,应用现在进行时的被动语态。故填 is being built。 4.[xx·安徽安庆一中模拟]—I'd like a bike which ________ (ride) well. —Will this one do? 答案:rides 定语从句中的时态与主句时态一致,且根据语境可知,从句讲述的是自行 车的特性,应用一般现在时且用主动形式表被动含义。故填 rides。 5.[xx·浙江杭州二中调研]At that point I didn't feel anything; adrenaline (肾 上腺素)________ (take) over. 答案:had taken 根据前面的句子中的谓语时态是 didn't feel, 属于一般过去时。结 合语境,take over 表示的动作发生在 didn't feel 之前,故填 had taken。 6.[xx·蚌埠二中联考]English________(change) and developed when cultures met and municated with each other over the past centuries. 答案:has changed 根据语境和时间状语 over the past centuries 可知,谓语动词应 用现在完成时,主语是单数,故填 has changed。 7.[xx·福建三校联考]He ________ (work) around the clock since June, when the first Ebola case appeared in this agricultural country. 答案:has been working 根据时间状语 since June 可确定使用现在完成时,另由 around the clock 可知,他从未停止过工作,应用现在完成进行时。故填 has been working。 8.[xx·湖南长沙一中二模]It was 5 o'clock in the afternoon, and my schoolmate Chris________(show) up at the front door in his suit and tie. 答案:showed 此处叙述过去发生的事情, 5 o'clock in the afternoon 是明确的过 去时的时间状语,应用一般过去时,故填 showed。 9.[xx·太原五中模拟]The frog, still tied to the leg of the mouse, was also carried off as a prisoner, and it________(eat) by the hawk. 答案:was eaten and 后是与前面句子并列的分句,故设空处为谓语成分,it 与 eat 之间是被动关系,且讲述的是过去发生的事情,用一般过去时的被动语态。故填 was eaten。 10.[xx·浙江金华艾青中学质检]It is the third time so far that such a meeting ________ (hold) in my hometown. 答案:has been held 在“It is the+序数词+time+that 从句”结构中,that 从句

的谓语动词一般用现在完成时,且此处主语与动词 hold 之间为被动关系,故填 has been held。 Part Ⅱ.单句改错 1.[xx·安徽淮南模拟]However, with the world population increasing rapidly,
overfishing had bee a serious problem. ________________________________________________________ 答案:had→has 根据语境可知,此处讲的是世界人口增长带来的影响——过度捕捞已
成为一个严重问题,应用现在完成时,故将 had 改为 has。 2.[xx·浙江杭州二中模拟]When I got to the hospital, I had told the nurses to
put me to sleep because of the pain. ________________________________________________________ 答案:去掉 had 由 got to 可知,从句为一般过去时,而主句中的 told 和 got 接连发
生,而不是发生在 got to 之前,因此去掉 had。 3 . [xx· 云 南 师 范 大 学 附 中 调 研 ]Casita Verde was considered an experiential
eco?education center, and showcases the best practices for sustainable living and alternative energies.
________________________________________________________ 答案:was→is and 连接两个并列谓语 was considered 和 showcases,且此处是对一个 地点的客观描述,应用一般现在时,故将 was 改为 is。 4.[xx·宁夏银川一中模拟]Since xx, Washed Ashore volunteers collected 38,000 pounds of plastic trash from more than 3,000 miles of beaches. ________________________________________________________ 答案:在 collected 前面加 have 根据句子中的 since xx 可知,主句使用现在完成时, 因此在 collected 前面加上 have。 5.[xx·山西临汾模拟]A tiny gratefulness can give us a lasting positive mood, which required our consciousness and gratefulness. ________________________________________________________ 答案:required→requires 句子描述一般性事实,主句谓语 can give us 属于一般现 在时,因此定语从句中的时态和主句保持一致,故将 required 改为 requires。 Part Ⅲ.语法填空 阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。 [xx·福建黄冈月考]When he was a little boy, Christopher Cookerell once watched his mother turn the wheel of her sewing machine with her hand. “Wouldn't it work quickly if a machine __1__ (turn) the wheel for you?” he asked. “I suppose it would,” said his mother, __2__ paying him any attention. Christopher knew she always __3__ (have) a lot of work, and he wanted to help her. Up in his bedroom there was a toy steam?engine which his father __4__ (buy) him as a gift. “I will make better use of it,” little Christopher said to himself. So, when his mother __5__ (not use) her sewing machine, he fixed the toy steam?engine onto it. When the job __6__ (finish), he was quite pleased, thinking his mother __7__

(like) it. “Very clever,” his mother said when she saw it. Then she sat down and went
on __8__ (turn) the wheel by hand. “I __9__ (work) like this for too many years,” she explained.
This taught Christopher Cookerell the lesson that anyone who tries to improve anything __10__ (have) to learn:many people don't like new ideas.
1.________ 2.________ 3.________ 4.________ 5.________ 6.________ 7.________ 8.________ 9.________ 10.________ 篇章导读:本文是一篇夹叙夹议文,通过 Christopher Cookerell 帮助他母亲改善缝纫 机一事,让他学到的人生教训是:新的创意总是不被多数人所接受。 1.turned 考查虚拟语气。分析句子成分可知,条件状语从句中缺谓语动词。此处表示 对现在情况的假设,故谓语动词应用过去式表虚拟。 2.without 考查介词。句意:母亲没太在意他,说:“我认为是这样的。” 3.had 考查动词的时态。分析句子成分可知,宾语从句中缺谓语动词。根据语境及主 句谓语动词的时态可知,此处用一般过去时。 4.had bought 考查动词的时态。分析句子成分可判断,定语从句中缺谓语动词。根据 语境可知,buy 所表示的动作发生在主句谓语动词之前,所以用过去完成时。 5.wasn't using 考查动词的时态。此处表示在母亲不使用缝纫机时,他把玩具蒸汽机 固定在缝纫机上,故用过去进行时。 6.was finished 考查动词的时态和语态。分析句子成分可知,时间状语从句中缺谓语 动词。由于主语 the job 和动词 finish 之间为被动关系,且叙述的是过去的事情,所以用一 般过去时的被动语态。 7.would like 考查动词的时态。分析句子成分可知,宾语从句中缺谓语动词,表示“将 会喜欢”。根据句子谓语动词的时态可知,应用过去将来时。 8.turning 考查固定搭配。go on doing sth. “继续做某事”。 9.have been working 考查动词的时态。分析句子成分可知,此处缺谓语动词。句意 “我这么多年来一直都是这样做的(指用手转动轮子)”,表示从过去某时开始到现在一直发 生的动作或存在的状态,故用现在完成进行时。 10.has 考查主谓一致及动词的时态。分析句子成分可知,that 引导的同位语从句中 缺谓语动词,主语是 anyone,谓语动词用第三人称单数形式。由 who tries to ... 及 many people don't like ... 可知,此处应该用一般现在时。

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