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英语国家概况课程习题(附答案)

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英语国家概况课程习题 英语国家概况(1)模拟试题 1

I. Fill in the blanks: 1. Britain consists of _4___ nations, including England,_Scotland____,

_Wales______ and Northern Ireland______. 2. 3. The Anglo-Saxons began to settle in Britain in __5th______ century. The capital of Britain is ___London___ which has great influence on the UK in all fields including______government_, _finance______ 4. and __culture_____

The capital of Scotland is _Edinburgh_____, which is well-known for its natural

5.

_Egbert______, the ancestor of the present Queen, Elizabeth 11, united England under his rule in 829.

6.

In Britain, the official head of state is the Queen_______ while the real centre of political life is in the House of Commoms______

7.

The British Constitution consists of _statute law______, __common law_____, and ___conventions____.

8. 9.

The most important function of the Parliament is to ___pass laws____._______, Strictly speaking, the Parliament today consists of the Queen _______, the House of Lords_______and the House of Commons_______.

10. Life peers should be nominated by _the Prime Minister______ and appointed by _the sovereign______. 11. The UK is divided into __651_____ constituencies with each of them represented by a member in _the parliment________ 12. The party which wins the majority seats in parliament forms _the goverment______and its party leader becomes _prime minister________ 13. Normally, a government can be in power for __5_____ years, and then it has to resign and hold a general election. 14. There are three major parties in the UK: _the Conservative__Party____ the Liberal ANDDemocratic party_______ and the LabourParty_______.

15. From 1979 to 1997, ___the _Conservatuve Party___ won 4 consecutive elections and was in power for quite a long time. 16. The two oldest universities in Britain are__Cambridge_____ and

_Oxford______. 17. Australia, as the World's _SMALLEST______ continent and .

largest_______island, has a population which is__small_____ in relation to its size. 18. Geologically, Australia can be divided into three parts: _the Eastern highlands______ , which is also know as the_Great DividingRange______ , and which runs almost parallel to the eastern coast from northern Queens land to southern Tasmania; the Central Eaetern lowlands_______, which extends from the Gulf of Carpentries in the north to _Eastern SouthArstralia______ and the western Victorian coast; and the Great Western Plateau, which covers most of Western Australia_______, much of the Northern Territory_______ and South Australia, and part of __Western Queenlands_____. 19. New Zealand is in the ____south-west Pacific___ Ocean. ___Australia____ is its nearest neighbour. The __North Island_____ and the __South Island_____ are its two main land masses. They are separated by __Cook Strait_____ 20. The Head of State of New Zealand is _Queen Elizabeth 2______. She is represented in New Zealand by a __Covernor-General_____ whose most important task is to call upon the leader of the _majority_party_____ to form a government after an election. 21. Columbus discovered the New World in the year of _1492_______ 22. The first permanent settlement in North America was established in today's Virginia_______ in the year of ___1607____ 23. A federal system is one in which _power______ is shared between __a central authority_____and its constituent parts _______with some

rights reserved to each. 24. The U.S. federal government consists of the following three branches: the executive_______, __the legislative_____ and __the judiciary_____

25. The Congress is divided into the House of representatives_______ with _435______ members who serve two-year terms, _the senate_______ with_100_ lawmakers who serve six-year terms. 26. Groups who try to persuade Congressmen to vote for or against a bill are known as __lobbies_____ 27. The Supreme Court is composed of _one______ chief justice and 8~ associate justices. 28. "WASP, stands for _White Anglo Saxon__Protesant____. 29. In area, Canada is the _second_______ country on earth. 30. Canada consists of ___10_______ provinces and ____3____territories. 第一卷选择题答案 BDACA BCDCC BBCDD BDABB D ACBCB ADACA BAABA DCCBC BBDAD



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