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b8厦门市2012-2013学年九年级历史上学期期中质量检测试题(无答案) 新人教版


positi on-related consum ption of civil serva nts ha s bee n swe pt by fina nce, cons umer, regardl ess of cost, extravagance and waste in t he civil service position-relate d cons umption, abuse , corr upti on a nd embe zzleme nt, corrupti on i s important . The n, under t he conditions of market econom y, how t o reform the existing civil duty cons umpti on manageme nt, expl ores a s ource to preve nt and cur b the post consumpti on corr uption way, i s currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d research on this i ssue, this problem on some humble opi nions. First , the existing publ ic servants ' dut y consumpti on the main pr oblems seen from the investigation and reasons, i n rece nt years, publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption caused by the abuse s and not a person of integrity, is one of the maj or problems i n the party i n Gover nment, its operation or de r have a negative effect on the party and Gover nment orga ns, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and t he Gov ernment, undermini ng the relationshi p betw een party and t he masse s, effect, openi ng up a nd e conomi c construction. From I County in rece nt years of gover nance situati on see, positi ons cons umption in the produced of "two not" phenomenon renderi ng four a features: a i s posit ions consumpti on system l ost has due of bindi ng, right is greater t han rul es, a nd right is greater than method of phe nome non m ore hig hlight; II i s in positi ons cons umption in the Camera Obs cura operation, using terms, will positions consumpti on int o has pers onal consum ption, will corporate poi nts to int o per sonal points to, makes posi tions consum ption i n some a spe cts ha s into po sitions enjoy and self-deali ng of means; t hree is to positions cons umpti on for name, fraud, false imper sonator, Trend of negative corr uption phenomena such as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow t he fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful, a nd post consum pti on became a sym bol of s howi ng off their individual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phenomenon i n whi ch people reflect the biggest probl ems are: (a) the official car problems. Mai nly in t hree as pects : one is the l arger buses cost expe ndit ure. Accor ding to statisti cs, until November 2003, XX County tow ns hip De partment bus 15 9 cars, whi ch d epartment owns the bus 145 ve hicle s, and s howe d an i ncreas ing trend. Fi nancial expe nses cost per bus per year to 35,0 00 yua n, and in fact every cost up to 50 ,000 y uan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidie s. Neces sary to "keep a car", but al so "de pendants", lea ding to larger expe nse s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tende ncies. Some people believe that now s ome bus driver s us e one-third, one -third lea ding private one-t hird used for official pur pose s. Some public s ervants, e spe cially leading official s motoring, cars for private pur pos es, violati ng the self-disci pline regulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments, since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this y ea r, cars for private pur poses or

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2012-2013 学年第一学期厦门大学附属实验中学期中质量检测 九年级历史试题卷
(60 分钟) 一、单项选择题(2×20=40 分) 坚 信自 下列各题均各有四个备选答案,只有一个是正确的,请你选出并填在答题卷的表格上。 己行! 1、历史讲究真实可靠,传说难免夸张虚构,但中国和西方的一些古代神话传说曲折、生 动地反映了人类的历史信息。下列中外神话与历史信息的搭配中,错误的一项是( ) A. 大地女神该亚的故事――母系氏族中妇女地位崇高 B. 厄瑞斯忒的故事――父系氏族向母系氏族的转变 C.炎帝和黄帝的故事――中华民族起源 D.禅让的传说――部落联盟首领的民主推选 2、货币被称为一个国家的“名片” 。它不仅具有经济价值,它那精美的 图案所体现的文化内涵, 它也集流通、观赏、收藏、 研究等价值于一身。 那么,你知道右图这张精美的纸币应是( ) A. 美元 B. 英镑 C. 欧元 D. 埃及镑 3、下列属于古代中东地区文明成果的是( ) ①种姓制度 ②《汉谟拉比法典》 ③伊斯兰教 ④楔形文字 A.①②③④ B.②④ C.②③④ D.②③ 4、2012 年 7 月,第 30 届夏季奥运会在英国伦敦举行。这项体育盛会发源于被称为“西方 文明之源”的( ) A.古代埃及 B.古代巴比伦 C.古代希腊 D.古代罗马 5、使古代西方民主政治发展到了全盛时期的人物是( ) A.汉谟拉比 B.马可?波罗 C.亚历山大 D. 伯里克利 6、 “我的附庸的附庸,不是我的附庸”这条常规流行于古代( ) A.西欧一些国家 B.阿拉伯国家 C.中国 D.日本 7、人类历史发展的过程,就是各种文明不断交流、融合、创新的过程。被誉为古代“东西 方文化交流的使者”的是( ) A.阿拉伯人 B.希腊人 C.印度人 D.罗马人 8、模仿和创新相结合是日本民族的一大特色,主要体现为“汉化”和“欧化” 。其中“汉化” 是指( ) A. 《汉漠拉比法典》 B.大化改新 C.奴隶主民主政治 D.种姓制度 9、 “把战争带给亚洲,把财富带回希腊” ,建立地跨欧、亚、非三洲帝国的是( ) A.伯利克里 B.查理·马特 C.屋大维 D.亚历山大 10、1271 年,有位 17 岁的青年离开祖国,不远万里来到中国,在中国生活了 17 年后,又 返回到家乡。他的经历和见闻被人写成书,在欧洲广为流传,他是( ) A.哥伦布 B.中臣镰足 C.马可·波罗 D.伯利克 利 11、在中古欧洲社会发展过程中,催生了市民阶级,为资本主义兴起准备了条件的是( )

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leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the existing poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 high and low positions, but als o the nat ure of the w ork and the w orkloa d. In reform of method Sha ng, approve d civil s ervants positi ons cons umption standard to "big unifie d, and small di spers ed" suita ble, that most positions consumpti on proje ct shoul d accor ding to poli cy provi des pr opos ed unifie d standard, consider to ranks, a nd units a nd t he work task of differences sex, unifie d of standard s hould has elasti c of and dynamic of, makes regions, and units in implementation unified standard S hi has m ust of flexible di sposal right ; but since set of standard m ust after financia l, a nd audit, sector a udit a pprove d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption elasticity of consumpti on t o limit consum ption, turni ng mess int o kitchen after di nne r, follow t he civil servant wit h a how to us e pers onal title subsidi es, or how t o manage a per sonal duty consumption use of subsi dies. T herefore, we m ust establi sh a nd perfect with publi c s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on a nd s upervision orga ns, fina ncial, a uditi ng de partments s hould strengthe n s upervi sion and ins pe ction of public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform progres s, to strengt hen t he reform of public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization system, measure s to devel op a nd monitor the implementati on of inspecti on, not cons umpti on as re quire d, even shifting cons umer behav i or to stop, s erious ca ses to deal with. T hree i deas, public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform of politics, the e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its im porta nce a nd urge ncy. First of all, civil serva nts es pecia lly party and Gover nment lea ders and publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

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positi on-related consum ption of civil serva nts ha s bee n swe pt by fina nce, cons umer, regardl ess of cost, extravagance and waste in t he civil service position-relate d cons umption, abuse , corr upti on a nd embe zzleme nt, corrupti on i s important . The n, under t he conditions of market economy, how t o reform the existing civil duty cons umpti on manageme nt, expl ores a s ource to preve nt and cur b the post consumpti on corr uption way, i s currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d research on this i ssue, this problem on some humble opi nions. First , the existing publ ic servants ' duty consumpti on the main pr oblems seen from the investigation and reasons, i n rece nt years, publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption caused by the abuse s and not a person of integrity, is one of the maj or problems i n the party i n Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party and Gover nment orga ns, ser i ously damagi ng the image of the party and t he Gov ernment, undermini ng the relationshi p betw een party and t he masse s, effect, openi ng up a nd e conomi c construction. From I County in rece nt years of gover nance situati on see, positi ons cons umption in the pro duced of "two not" phenomenon renderi ng four a features: a i s positions consumpti on system l ost has due of bindi ng, right is greater t han rul es, a nd right is greater than method of phe nome non m ore hig hlight; II i s in positi ons cons umption in the Camera Obs cura operation, using terms, will positions consumpti on int o has pers onal consum ption, will corporate poi nts to int o per sonal points to, makes posi tions consum ption i n some a spe cts ha s into positions enjoy and self -deali ng of means; t hree is to positions cons umpti on for name, fraud, false imper sonator, Trend of negative corr uption phenomena such as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow t he fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful, a nd post consumpti on became a sym bol of s howi ng off their individual ca pa citie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phenomenon i n whi ch people reflect the biggest probl ems are: (a) the official car problems. Mai nly in t hree as pects : one is the l arger buses cost expe ndit ure. Accor ding to statisti cs, until November 2003, XX County tow ns hip De partment bus 15 9 cars, whi ch department owns the bus 145 ve hicle s, and s howe d an i ncreas i ng trend. Fi nancial expe nses cost per bus per year to 35,0 00 yua n, and in fact every cost up to 50 ,000 y uan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidie s. Neces sary to "keep a car", but al so "de pendants", lea ding to larg er expe nse s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tende ncies. Some people believe that now s ome bus driver s us e one-third, one -third lea ding private one-t hird used for official pur pose s. Some public s ervants, e spe cially leading official s motoring, cars for priv ate pur pos es, violati ng the self-disci pline regulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments, since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

A.西欧封建等级制度的形成 B.呸平献土 C.西欧城市的兴起 D.拜占庭帝国的灭亡 12、法国史学家米西勒认为,14 到 16 世纪欧洲封建社会末期是“人”和“世界”被发现的 时代。这两个“发现”对世界历史产生的共同影响是( ) A.倡导人文主义 B.发现了美洲大陆 C.把世界开始连为一体 D.促进了早期资本主 义的发展 13、恩格斯说: “意大利是一个典型的国家,自从现代世界的曙光在那里升起的那个时代以 来,它产生过许多伟大人物。”这里的“现代世界的曙光”是指( ) A.西欧城市的复兴 B.新航路的开辟 C.文艺复 兴 D.工业革命 14、一位老师在上历史与社会课时,出示了两段材料:①1642 年,国王查理一世宣布“讨 伐议会” ,挑起了内战;②1649 年,查理一世被押上断头台。据此判断该老师授课的内 容最有可能是( ) A. 议会对王权的胜利 B. 历史上第一位总统的产生 C. 忘我献身的法国公民 D. 改革弊端的罗斯福新政 15、美国某纪念塔内有一块中国人赠送的石碑,上写“开疆万里,乃不僭位号、不传子孙, 而创为推举之法……” 。 请判断石碑上的话是对哪位美国总统的评价?( ) A.华盛顿 B.林肯 C.罗斯福 D.杜鲁门 16、在探究性学习中,王晓波同学总结了英、法、美资产阶级革命的相关内容,三国革命的 共同点是( ) A.进行了反对外国干涉的战争 B.为限制王权,制定了本国宪法 C.都反对封建专制统治 D.改变了原有的社会性质 17、 当今世界上许多国家的官方语言都与近代西方国家的殖民侵略有关, 与印地语同为印度 的官方语言的是( ) A. 法语 B. 英语 C.西班牙语 D.葡萄牙语 18 、世界上无产阶级专政的第一次伟大尝试是( ) A.英国宪章运动 B.巴黎公社 C.俄国二月革命 D.俄国十月革命 19、 “我希望美洲人民永远不再把国王的宝座搬到自己的土地上来。 ”“解放者的称号已经 高于一切,因此我决不会降低身份去登上王位。”判断一下,说这番话的应是( ) A.玻利瓦尔 B.克伦威尔 C.伊达尔 哥 D.圣马丁 20 、近代史上最先打开中国、日本大门的国家分别是( ) A.英、美 B.俄、美 C.英、法 D.英、西班牙 二.改错辨析题(共 20 分) (一)改错题(21—24 小题每题均有一处错误,找出错误并写出正确答案,每小题 2 分, 共 8 分) 21、 《被缚的普罗米修斯》是古希腊悲剧家阿里斯托芬最杰出的剧作。 错误: 改正:

22、小王说:“如果给我一个支点,我能撬动整个地球!”他敢如此狂妄是因为他引用了爱

leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform , it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, u nder the existing poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary t o poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts r es ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 high and low positions, but als o the nat ure of the w ork and the w orkloa d. In reform of method Sha ng, approve d civil s ervants positi ons cons umption standard to "big unifie d, and small di spers ed" suita ble, that most positions consumpti on proje ct shoul d accor ding to poli cy provi des pr opos ed unifie d standard, consider to ranks, a nd units a nd t he work task of differences sex, unifie d of standard s hould has elasti c of and dynamic of, makes regions, and units in implementation unified standard S hi has m ust of flexible di sposal right ; but since set of standar d m ust after financia l, and audit, sector a udit a pprove d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption elasticity of consumpti on t o limit consum ption, turni ng mess int o kitchen after di nne r, follow t he civil servant wit h a ho w to us e pers onal title subsidi es, or how t o manage a per sonal duty consumption use of subsi dies. T herefore, we m ust establi sh a nd perfect with public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on a nd s upervision orga ns, fina ncial, a uditi ng de partments s hould strengthe n s upervi sion and ins pe ction of public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform progres s, to strengt hen t he reform of public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization system, measure s to devel op a nd monitor the implementati on of inspecti on, not cons umpti on as re quire d, even shifting cons umer behavi or to stop, s erious ca ses to deal with. T hree i deas, public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform of politics, the e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its importa nce a nd urge ncy. First of all, civil serva nts es pecia lly party and Gover nment lea ders and publi c serva nts ' duty

consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

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positi on-related consum ption of civil serva nts ha s bee n swe pt by fina nce, cons umer, regardl ess of cost, extravagance and waste in t he civil service position-relate d cons umption, abuse , corr upti on a nd embe zzleme nt, corrupti on i s important . The n, under t he conditions of market economy, how t o reform the existing civil duty cons umpti on manageme nt, expl ores a s ource to preve nt and cur b the post consumpti on corr uption way, i s currently a major is sue faced by ho nest work. Recently, I conducte d research on this i ssue, this problem on some humble opi nions. First , the existing publ ic servants ' dut y consumpti on the main pr oblems seen from the investigation and reasons, i n rece nt years, publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption caused by the abuse s and not a person of integrity, is one of the maj or problems i n the party i n Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party and Gover nment orga ns, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and t he Gov ernment , undermini ng the relationshi p betw een party and t he masse s, effect, openi ng up a nd e conomi c construction. From I County in rece nt years of gover nance situati on see, positi ons cons umption in the produced of "two not" phenomenon renderi ng four a features: a i s positions consumpti on system l ost has due of bindi ng, right is greater t han rul es, a nd right is greater than method of phe nome non m ore hig hlight; II i s in positi ons cons umption in the Camera Obs cura operation, using terms, will positions consumpti on int o has pers onal consum ption, will corporate poi nts to int o per sonal points to, makes posi tions consum ption i n some a spe cts ha s int o positions enjoy and self-deali ng of means; t hree is to positions cons umpti on for name, fraud, false imper sonator, Trend of negative corr uption phenomena such as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow t he fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful, a nd post consumpti on became a sym bol of s howi ng off their individual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phenomenon i n whi ch people reflect the biggest probl ems are: (a) the official car problems. Mai nly in t hree as pects : one is the l arger buses cost expe ndit ure. Accor ding to statisti cs, until November 2003, XX County tow ns hip De partment bus 15 9 car s, whi ch department owns the bus 145 ve hicle s, and s howe d an i ncreas ing trend. Fi nancial expe nses cost per bus per year to 35,0 00 yua n, and in fact every cost up to 50 ,000 y uan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidie s. Neces sary to "keep a car", but al so "de pendants", lea ding to larger expe nse s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tende ncies. Some people believe that now s ome bus driver s us e one-third, one -third lea ding private one-t hird used for official pur pose s. Some public s ervants, e spe cially leading official s motoring, cars for private pur pos es, violati ng the self -disci pline regulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments,

since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

知识改变命运

百度提升自我

因斯坦的话。 错误: 改正:

23、 “现代的文明的美国历史,是由一次伟大的真正解放的,真正革命的战争开始的。 ”这 次战争指美国南北战争。 错误: 改正:

24、幕府统治下的日本掌握军政大权的是天皇。 错误: 改正:

(二)辨析题(每小题均有两处错误,请写出错误,并说明理由。每小题 6 分,共 12 分) 25、公元前 6 世纪,释迦摩尼创立了佛教,主张在上帝面前人人平等;后来其弟子把他的言 论整理成了《古兰经》一书。 错误: 错误: 理由: 理由:

26、拿破仑是法国杰出的政治家,军事家。他改共和制为帝制,建立了封建君主制国家—— 拿破仑帝国,并制定了民法典,即 1787 年宪法,为欧洲各国制定民法典提供了典范。 错误: 错误: 三、材料分析题(10+10+10=30 分) 27、阅读下列材料,回答问题: 材料一 理由: 理由:

材料二

leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 high and low positions, but als o the nat ure of the w ork and the w orkloa d. In reform of method Sha ng, approve d civil s ervants positi ons cons umption standard to "big unifie d, and small di spers ed" suita ble, that most positions consumpti on proje ct shoul d accor ding to poli cy provi des pr opos ed unifie d standard, consider to ranks, a nd units a nd t he work task of differences sex, unifie d of standard s hould has elasti c of and dynamic of, makes regions, and units in implementation unified standard S hi has m ust of flexible di sposal right ; but since set of standard m ust after financia l, and audit, sector a udit a pprove d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption elasticity of consumpti on t o limit consum ption, turni ng mess int o kitchen after di nne r, follow t he civil servant wit h a how to us e pers onal title subsidi es, or how t o manage a per sonal duty consumption use of subsi dies. T herefore, we m ust establi sh a nd perfect with public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on a nd s upervision orga ns, fina ncial, a uditi ng de partments s hould strengthe n s upervi sion and ins pe ction of public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform progres s, to strengt hen t he reform of public s ervants ' d uty cons umption monetization system, measure s to devel op a nd monitor the implementati on of inspecti on, not cons umpti on as re quire d, even shifting cons umer behavi or to stop, s erious ca ses to deal with. T hree i deas, public s ervants ' duty cons umption m onetization reform of politics, the e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its importa nce a nd urge ncy. First of all, civil serva nts es pecia lly party and Gover nment lea ders and publi c serva nts ' duty

consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

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positi on-related consum ption of civil serva nts ha s bee n swe pt by fina nce, cons umer, regardl ess of cost, extravagance and waste in t he civil service position-relate d cons umption, abuse , corr upti on a nd embe zzleme nt, corrupti on i s important . The n, under t he conditions of market economy, how t o reform the existing civil duty cons umpti on manageme nt, expl ores a s ource to preve nt and cur b the post consumpti on corr uption way, i s currently a major is sue faced by honest work. Recently, I conducte d research on this i ssue, this problem on some humble opi nions. First , the existing publ ic servants ' duty consumpti on the main pr oblems seen from the investigation and reasons, i n rece nt years, publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption caused by the abuse s and not a person of integrity, is one of the maj or problems i n the party i n Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party and Gover nment orga ns, ser i ously damagi ng the image of the party and t he Gov ernment, undermini ng the relationshi p betw een party and t he masse s, effect, openi ng up a nd e conomi c construction. From I County in rece nt years of gover nance situati on see, positi ons cons umption in the pro duced of "two not" phenomenon renderi ng four a features: a i s positions consumpti on system l ost has due of bindi ng, right is greater t han rul es, a nd right is greater than method of phe nome non m ore hig hlight; II i s in positi ons cons umption in the Camera Obs cura operation, using terms, will positions consumpti on int o has pers onal consum ption, will corporate poi nts to int o per sonal points to, makes posi tions consum ption i n some a spe cts ha s into positions enjoy and self -deali ng of means; t hree is to positions cons umpti on for name, fraud, false imper sonator, Trend of negative corr uption phenomena such as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow t he fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful, a nd post consumpti on became a sym bol of s howi ng off their individual ca pa citie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phenomenon i n whi ch people reflect the biggest probl ems are: (a) the official car problems. Mai nly in t hree as pects : one is the l arger buses cost expe ndit ure. Accor ding to statisti cs, until November 2003, XX County tow ns hip De partment bus 15 9 cars, whi ch department owns the bus 145 ve hicle s, and s howe d an i ncreas i ng trend. Fi nancial expe nses cost per bus per year to 35,0 00 yua n, and in fact every cost up to 50 ,000 y uan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidie s. Neces sary to "keep a car", but al so "de pendants", lea ding to larg er expe nse s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tende ncies. Some people believe that now s ome bus driver s us e one-third, one -third lea ding private one-t hird used for official pur pose s. Some public s ervants, e spe cially leading official s motoring, cars for priv ate pur pos es, violati ng the self-disci pline regulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments, since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

材料三 “这种悲惨的境况,在商业史上是无与伦比的。棉织工人的白骨使印度平原都白成 一片了。 ” ——英国驻印度殖民总督本﹒丁克 (1)材料一和材料二分别反映的历史事件是什么?(4 分)

(2)分别写出材料一中 A、B 航线的航海家。 (2 分)

(3)材料三反映的情况在印度引发了什么历史事件?(1 分)

(4)材料一与材料二、三有无内在的联系,请说明理由。 (3 分)

28、近代以来,重视法制建设成为世界历史发展的重要潮流。以下几段文字选自近代几部法 令,阅读后回答问题: 材料一:未经议会同意,国王无权废除法律或停止法律的执行;不经议会同意,国王不 能征税;不经议会同意,国王不能在和平时期维持常备军;议会必须定期召开;议员的选举 不受国王的干涉。 材料二:人们生来是自由的,在权利上是平等的;自由、平等、安全、反抗压迫是天赋 的权利;在法律面前人人平等;私有财产是神圣不可侵犯的。 材料三: “我们以这些殖民地的善良人民的名义和权力,谨庄严宣告:这些联合殖民地 从此成为而且名正言顺应当成为自由独立的合众国, 它们解除对于英王的一切隶属关系, 而 且它们与大不列颠王国之间的一切政治联系也应从此完全废止。” 请回答: (1)材料一这个法令在这个国家确立了什么制度?实行这一制度的国家在今天的世界上仍 有很多,请你再举出 1 个例子。(3 分)

(2)材料二文献出自哪个法令?为什么说它在当时有进步意义?(3 分)

(3)材料三中“这些殖民地”指什么?这些殖民地最终摆脱英国殖民统治,确立了什么制 度?(2 分)

(4)结合所学知识,谈谈以上三则材料有何共同之处?(2 分)

leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform , it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, u nder the existing poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary t o poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts r es ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 high and low positions, but als o the nat ure of the w ork and the w orkloa d. In reform of method Sha ng, approve d civil s ervants positi ons cons umption standard to "big unifie d, and small di spers ed" suita ble, that most positions consumpti on proje ct shoul d accor ding to poli cy provi des pr opos ed unifie d standard, consider to ranks, a nd units a nd t he work task of differences sex, unifie d of standard s hould has elasti c of and dynamic of, makes regions, and units in implementation unified standard S hi has m ust of flexible di sposal right ; but since set of standar d m ust after financia l, and audit, sector a udit a pprove d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption elasticity of consumpti on t o limit consum ption, turni ng mess int o kitchen after di nne r, follow t he civil servant wit h a ho w to us e pers onal title subsidi es, or how t o manage a per sonal duty consumption use of subsi dies. T herefore, we m ust establi sh a nd perfect with public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on a nd s upervision orga ns, fina ncial, a uditi ng de partments s hould strengthe n s upervi sion and ins pe ction of public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform progres s, to strengt hen t he reform of public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization system, measure s to devel op a nd monitor the implementati on of inspecti on, not cons umpti on as re quire d, even shifting cons umer behavi or to stop, s erious ca ses to deal with. T hree i deas, public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform of politics, the e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its importa nce a nd urge ncy. First of all, civil serva nts es pecia lly party and Gover nment lea ders and publi c serva nts ' duty

consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

4

positi on-related consum ption of civil serva nts ha s bee n swe pt by fina nce, cons umer, regardl ess of cost, extravagance and waste in t he civil service position-relate d cons umption, abuse , corr upti on a nd embe zzleme nt, corrupti on i s important . The n, under t he conditions of market economy, how t o reform the existing civil duty cons umpti on manageme nt, expl ores a s ource to preve nt and cur b the post consumpti on corr uption way, i s currently a major is sue faced by ho nest work. Recently, I conducte d research on this i ssue, this problem on some humble opi nions. First , the existing publ ic servants ' dut y consumpti on the main pr oblems seen from the investigation and reasons, i n rece nt years, publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption caused by the abuse s and not a person of integrity, is one of the maj or problems i n the party i n Gover nment, its operation or der have a negative effect on the party and Gover nment orga ns, seri ously damagi ng the image of the party and t he Gov ernment , undermini ng the relationshi p betw een party and t he masse s, effect, openi ng up a nd e conomi c construction. From I County in rece nt years of gover nance situati on see, positi ons cons umption in the produced of "two not" phenomenon renderi ng four a features: a i s positions consumpti on system l ost has due of bindi ng, right is greater t han rul es, a nd right is greater than method of phe nome non m ore hig hlight; II i s in positi ons cons umption in the Camera Obs cura operation, using terms, will positions consumpti on int o has pers onal consum ption, will corporate poi nts to int o per sonal points to, makes posi tions consum ption i n some a spe cts ha s int o positions enjoy and self-deali ng of means; t hree is to positions cons umpti on for name, fraud, false imper sonator, Trend of negative corr uption phenomena such as corruption and misappropriation; four palace s, follow t he fashi on, rivalrie s, wasteful, a nd post consumpti on became a sym bol of s howi ng off their individual ca pacitie s. Ca use d by publi c serva nts ' duty consumpti on of many "two" phenomenon i n whi ch people reflect the biggest probl ems are: (a) the official car problems. Mai nly in t hree as pects : one is the l arger buses cost expe ndit ure. Accor ding to statisti cs, until November 2003, XX County tow ns hip De partment bus 15 9 car s, whi ch department owns the bus 145 ve hicle s, and s howe d an i ncreas ing trend. Fi nancial expe nses cost per bus per year to 35,0 00 yua n, and in fact every cost up to 50 ,000 y uan. S ome unit s also hiring temporary drivers a nd ex penditure on wages a nd subsidie s. Neces sary to "keep a car", but al so "de pendants", lea ding to larger expe nse s. Second, gongchesiyong bree d unhealt hy tende ncies. Some people believe that now s ome bus driver s us e one-third, one -third lea ding private one-t hird used for official pur pose s. Some public s ervants, e spe cially leading official s motoring, cars for private pur pos es, violati ng the self -disci pline regulations, a nd eve n lea d to traffic acci dents . Accordi ng to statistics from related de partments,

since 2004, t he correct inve stigation i n our County serve s nearly 3 0 cars for private purpose s, only the first half of this yea r, cars for private pur poses or

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29、阅读材料,回答问题。 材料一: 以英国为例, 生铁产量 1740 年为 1.7 万吨, 1800 年增至 25 万吨; 棉花加工量 1764 年为 380 万吨,1789 年增至 3240 万吨。 材料二: 资产阶级在它不到一百年的阶级统治中创造的生产力, 比过去一切时代所创造的全 部生产力还要多。——《共产党宣言》 材料三:英国《泰晤士报》报道:到 1846 年的秋天,史密斯先生还没有坐过火车,过去他 要到外地去很不方便,现在家乡与外地通了火车,情况就不同了。但是新情况也出现了,火 车在车站要准时发车或到站,所以史密斯还要准时到车站,这也养成了他的守时习惯。 请回答: (1)材料一反映了英国正在经历一场什么变革?这场变革的核心发明是什么?这次变革把 人类历史带进了什么时代?(3 分)

(2)材料三发生的情况是因为火车的出现,那么火车是由谁发明的?结合材料说说它的发 明产生了怎样的影响?(3 分)

(3)指出第一次工业革命与英国资产阶级革命的关系。 (2 分)

(4)谈一谈这次工业革命带给你的启迪。 (2 分)

四、综合题: (10 分) 30、19 世纪中叶,欧美各国出现了新一波的资产阶级民主改革浪潮。为此,列宁曾说: “如 果总的看一看 1861 年俄国国家全部结构的改变那就必然会承认,这种改变是封建君主制转 变的道路上的一步。不仅从经济观点来看是正确的,而且从政治观点来看也是正确的。 ” 请回答: (1)出现“新一波的资产阶级民主改革浪潮”的经济基础是什么?(2 分)

(2)列宁所说的是对哪一历史事件的评价?(2 分)这一事件的领导者是谁?(2 分)

(3)同一时期,日本也发生了类似的改变,它是什么?(2 分)

(4)这一浪潮对世界历史产生了什么积极作用?(2 分)

leaders drivi ng a vehi cle a cci dent ca use d by roa d accide nts, 1, 1 pe ople kill ed and dire ct economic losse s amounting to more t han 1 00,00 0 yua n. Thir d, hig h efficiency and l ow cost of the bus. Surveys show that, the operati ng costs of taxis for the 820 0/... Is a fundame ntal pri ority of the reform, it is a difficult problem that must be solved in t he reform process . Clearl y, the post consumpti on averages t hree years before as a ba se and fine -tuned on the basis of this si ngle pra ctices m ust be impr oved. Improveme nts to adhere to t hree pri nci ples: first, under the ex isting poli cy provi sions a pprove d for publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, calibrati on, is not contrary to poli cy. Se cond, a ccordi ng to the l ocal fina nci al situati on a nd people's s ustainabilit y, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds approve d, both fina ncial rea ch, a nd people pa ssi ng through. T hird, a ccordi ng to the operational needs of civil serva nts res ponsi ble for aut horize d publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on sta ndar ds, both 间 空 拓 力 努 首 为 发 济 经 以 行 传 宣 进 推 实 扎 求 要 动 ”活 “年 展 开 入 深 续 继 照 按 , 神 精 关 有 作 工 训 培 育 教 产 生 全 安 昌 、 省 彻 贯 真 认 市 都 宜 high and low positions, but als o the nat ure of the w ork and the w orkloa d. In reform of method Sha ng, approve d civil s ervants positi ons cons umption standard to "big unifie d, and small di spers ed" suita ble, that most positions consumpti on proje ct shoul d accor ding to poli cy provi des pr opos ed unifie d standard, consider to ranks, a nd units a nd t he work task of differences sex, unifie d of standard s hould has elasti c of and dynamic of, makes regions, and units in implementation unified standard S hi has m ust of flexible di sposal right ; but since set of standard m ust after financia l, and audit, sector a udit a pprove d Hou to impleme ntation. (C) reform package. Publi c serva nts ' duty consum ption elasticity of consumpti on t o limit consum ption, turni ng mess int o kitchen after di nne r, follow t he civil servant wit h a how to us e pers onal title subsidi es, or how t o manage a per sonal duty consumption use of subsi dies. T herefore, we m ust establi sh a nd perfect with public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform support of the serie s of governa nce systems s uch as the civil servi ce examinati on of res ponsi bility, sy stem, low fault investigati on system, t he report said. While ot her measure s to keep up. Discipline i ns pecti on a nd s upervision orga ns, fina ncial, a uditi ng de partments s hould strengthe n s upervi sion and ins pe ction of public s ervants ' duty cons umption monetization reform progres s, to strengt hen t he reform of public s ervants ' d uty cons umption monetization system, measure s to devel op a nd monitor the implementati on of inspecti on, not cons umpti on as re quire d, even shifting cons umer behavi or to stop, s erious ca ses to deal with. T hree i deas, public s ervants ' duty cons umption m onetization reform of politics, the e conomy and the dee peni ng of the reform, publi c servant s ' duty consumpti on a s somew here betwee n a reform also demonstrated its importa nce a nd urge ncy. First of all, civil serva nts es pecia lly party and Gover nment lea ders and publi c serva nts ' duty

consumpti on t here are big drawba cks. NPC deputies a nd CPPCC member s and the br oad mas ses are concerned a bout . Secondly, t he

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